2020 is upon us and promises to be a significant year for U.S. politics. Donald Trump is running for re-election, while Joe Biden is now the only candidate on the Democratic nomination. As COVID-19 continues to develop and change the way our society lives, dates have been pushed back and the ways that campaigning and voting are done are changing. We’re covering the candidates and important dates, discussing how COVID-19 is changing the game, and exploring the election process.
Why 2020 will be a crucial year in politics
The 2020 Census will impact politics. The results of the census will impact how districts are drawn, and some states will probably gain or lose seats in the House. Arizona, Colorado and Texas are expected gain seats while Alabama, Illinois and New York will probably lose seats.
All the states will elect new representatives, and 34 out of 100 Senate seats will be up for re-election. Voters will also elect new state Senate representatives, and 11 states will hold gubernatorial elections. The next year is looking to be a turning point in U.S. politics.
2020 Presidential Elections: Important Dates and Timeline (April Update)
Primary: A primary is the most common form of choosing a candidate today. Primaries involve voters going to a booth or mailing in their ballots to cast their votes. The amount of delegates received depends on the state - some states utilize a winner-takes-all method, while others apportion percentages based on amount of votes.
Caucasus: A caucus is a form of election that allows for discussion; candidates or representatives of candidates often speak to those present about ideals and party goals before voting occurs. Oftentimes, voters are asked to physically move to spaces to represent who they would like to cast their vote for.
National Convention: A national convention allows for a political party to choose its presidential candidate and outline its rules and platforms. Delegates from each state will officially cast their votes for the candidate that will move forward to the November presidential election.
Presidential Debate: Presidential debates are question-and-answer events that allow presidential candidates to discuss their ideas, clarify intentions and goals, and reply and react to other candidates. This is set in place to aid in the electoral process and better inform voters of candidates’ platforms.
Election Day: The election process for the U.S. president occurs every four years on the first Tuesday of November. Voters will, depending on the state, mail-in their ballot or enter private polling places to cast their vote. This will determine how many of a presidential candidate’s preferred electors will take a spot in the electoral college vote in December.
Electoral College Vote: Electors meet in their respective states on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December. The electors will cast their vote for their pledged candidate. An absolute majority is needed to secure the presidency.
Announcement: Congress formally meets in January to count the electoral college votes. A presidential candidate needs at least 270 votes to win the presidency.
Top Issues for the 2020 presidential campaign
How was COVID-19 affected the 2020 presidential election?
The increasing number of COVID-19 cases in the U.S. has had a large impact on every area of life. 2020 as an election year has also had to reshape itself in the changing political and social climate. Previously largely attended events such as the Democratic Debate were done without a live audience in response to the growing number of cases in the country. The federal government has realized the obstacles that states and individuals need to overcome in order to allow the election to occur, with Congress allotting $400 million to support election efforts. 10 states and 1 U.S. territory have decided to reschedule their primary elections as a precaution to the novel virus.
Despite fears and setbacks, the presidential election must still occur in November as it is not a federal election; the president is elected through state elections. Some have suggested that an expansion of mail-in voting that is currently implemented by some states. More details on how COVID-19 has affected voting in your community can be found here.
Other issues that could persuade voters
A survey conducted during the 2018 midterm elections revealed a significant partisan gap on several key issues. These issues include health care, foreign policies, how businesses should be regulated, and how systemic inequalities are perceived.
The survey revealed a clear divide between voters. It also found that GOP voters tend to see the tax reform and tariff policies as positive. These topics are likely to play a decisive role in the 2020 campaign.
Health care reform might be discussed in connection the Affordable Healthcare Act being ruled as unconstitutional. Immigration will be another top issue for the 2020 campaign. In 2018, 20 percent of voters considered border security as a top priority while 32 percent thought that providing a path to citizenship for illegal immigrants should merit primacy.
The current administration's spending and lower tax revenues are drawing attention to the issue of national debt. The federal deficit is expected to grow by an additional $1 trillion by 2020 and could represent 5.1 percent of the national GDP if spending policies don't change by 2022.
Reducing this deficit and increasing federal revenues could be key points for a Democratic candidate. Stagnating wages are an issue that is directly affecting voters. Numbers show the employment is going up and that wages are growing, but higher wages are limited to the highest-paid tier. Inflation is also causing the purchasing power of most families to stagnate.
In 2018, California Representative Mike Levin won his seat, thanks to a campaign that focused on the importance of clean energy. Portland passed a clean energy fee measure. Nevada already has a clean energy ballot proposition filled for 2020, and clean energy and climate change could be topics that we hear about during the presidential campaign and other elections.
2020 US Elections: Candidates
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FAQ: 2020 Presidential Elections
What are Primary Elections and Why are They Important?
The primary election is a process in which citizens are able to cast their vote for a party’s delegate. A closed primary is a primary in which only registered members of the party can vote; an open primary allows registered voters to vote regardless of party membership.
Primary elections are important because they allow for a state to portion delegates for respective candidates. This shows much much support each candidate has for each given state. By figuring out how many delegates each candidate has, a political party can choose which candidate has the most potential to win the presidential election.
What is the Difference Between the Electoral College and the Popular Vote?
The electoral college is a process in which representatives for a state meet, vote for the President and Vice President, and have votes counted by Congress. Each state has as many electors as they do members in Congress, which is made up of the members of the House of Representatives and Senate. When you vote in a presidential election, you are voting for your chosen candidate’s preferred electors. Most states require that all electoral votes go to the candidate who receives the popular vote. The electors will then meet to vote on who will eventually become the President.
The popular vote is the number of actual votes that a candidate receives from voters. The popular vote and the electoral vote can differ; in the 2016 presidential election between Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton, Trump lost the popular vote but won the electoral vote to become president.
What have been the trends in the electoral college in recent years?
Democratic State: California (55), Oregon (7), Washington (11), Colorado (9), New Mexico (5), Minnesota (10), Iowa (7), Wisconsin (10), Illinois (21), Michigan (17), Illinois (11), Indianna (11), Ohio (20), Maine (4), New Hampshire (4), Vermont (3), New York (31), Massachusetts (12), Rhode Island (4), Connecticut (7), New Jersey (15), Delaware (3), Maryland (10), Washington D.C. (3), Pennsylvania (21), Virginia (13), North Carolina (15), Florida (27), Nebraska (1), Hawaii (4)
Republican State: Idaho (4), Montana (3), Wyoming (3), North Dakota (3), South Dakota (3), Nebraska (4), Kansas (6), Oklahoma (7), Texas (34), Arizona (10), Utah (5), Missouri (11), Arkansas (6), Louisiana (9), Mississippi (6), Alabama (9), Georgia (15), South Carolina (8), Tennessee (11), Kentucky (8), West Virginia (5), Alaska (3)
Democratic State: California (55), Colorado (9), Connecticut (7), Delaware (3), D.C. (3), Florida (29), Hawaii (4), Illinois (20), Iowa (6), Maine (4), Maryland (10), Massachusetts (11), Michigan (16), Minnesota (10), Nevada (6), New Hampshire (4), New Jersey (14), New Mexico (5), New York (29), Ohio (18), Oregon (7), Pennsylvania (20), Rhode Island (4), Vermont (3), Virginia (13), Washington (12), Wisconsin (10)
Republican State: Alabama (9), Alaska (3), Arizona (11), Arkansas (6), Georgia (16), Idaho (4), Indiana (11), Kansas (6), Kentucky (8), Louisiana (8), Mississippi (6), Missouri (10), Montana (3), Nebraska (5), North Carolina (15), North Dakota (3), Oklahoma (7), South Carolina (9), South Dakota (3), Tennessee (11), Texas (38), Utah (6), West Virginia (5), Wyoming (3)
Democratic State: California (55), Colorado (9), Connecticut (7), Delaware (3), D.C. (3), Hawaii (3), Illinois (20), Maine (3), Maryland (10), Massachusetts (11), Minnesota (10), Nevada (6), New Hampshire (4), New Jersey (14), New Mexico (5), New York (29), Oregon (7), Rhode Island (4), Vermont (3), Virginia (13), Washington (8)
Republican State: Alabama (9), Alaska (3), Arizona (11) Arkansas (6), Florida (29), Georgia (16), Idaho (4), Indiana (11), Iowa (6), Kansas (6), Kentucky (8), Louisiana (8), Maine (1), Michigan (16), Mississippi (6), Missouri (10), Montana (3), Nebraska (5), North Carolina (15), North Dakota (3), Ohio (18), Oklahoma (7), Pennsylvania (20), South Carolina (9), South Dakota (3), Tennessee (11), Texas (36), Utah (6), West Virginia (5), Wisconsin (10), Wyoming (3)
Other: Hawaii (1), Texas (2), Washington (4)
How Does a Person Get Elected?
In order to become president, a person must meet certain criteria: they must be born in the United States, have been residing in the U.S. for the past 14 years, and at least 35 years old. Each candidate then campaigns in different states to garner the support of other party members. During the election year, states hold primaries and caucuses to vote for who should represent the party in the general election. An official candidate for the party is chosen at the national convention.
After being chosen as a party’s official presidential candidate, the candidate chooses a running mate as a Vice President. The process of campaigning in states across the country continues as the November general election nears. Citizens vote for their preferred presidential candidate on election day; they are actually voting for electors who will cast their vote for the president as a representative of their state. A candidate needs at least 270 votes to win the presidency.
How to Be More Civically Engaged?
While voting is the most obvious way of being civically engaged, the power to make a difference doesn’t stop there. From having discussions with local politicians to participating in forums, organizations, and movements, there are various opportunities to make your voice heard. 2020 has been a year of surprise, change, and action. Up to Us is an organization focused on educating and empowering the youth on the national debt and fiscal policy. Check out how you can get involved today.